Also from the article:
Cis-centric but interesting.
In order to understand why transphobia and cissexism persist and are continually perpetuated throughout feminist communities, particularly the vegetarian-ecofeminist community, it is important to consider the origins of anti-trans advocacy as a conscious project of prominent, elite White feminists in the 1970s. In the late sixties and early seventies, trans people were very active in the women’s and queer liberation movements. The Compton’s Cafeteria and Stonewall rebellions of the sixties are evidence of that, as are women like Beth Elliot of the Daughters of Bilitis, Sandy Stone of Olivia Records, and Stonewall veteran Silvia Rivera who was a founding member of the Gay Liberation Front and the Gay Activist Alliance.
So it’s important to keep in mind that trans women, and trans people more generally, were an integral part of the early women’s liberation movement. But in the mid- to late-seventies, there was a transphobic backlash within feminism to systematically remove and exclude trans people, explicitly transsexual women, from the women’s and queer movements. For example, Rivera was targeted and physically attacked by cissexist women separatists at a gay rights rally. Elliot was targeted by Robin Morgan and separatists at a lesbian women’s conference. Stone was targeted by Janice Raymond and forced out of Olivia Records with threats of a boycott. And Gloria Steinem of Ms. magazine openly attacked trans women.
Over the last couple decades, there has been an increase in organizing and activism by trans people, yet we continue to be the targets of a systematic backlash from elite feminists. So-called ‘women-born women’ policies are still used to exclude transsexual women from participating in our own movement. And while trans women are disproportionately targeted by homelessness, prisons, and sexual and physical violence, an alliance between anti-trans feminists and the state has been used to circumvent human rights laws in order to bar us from many vital women’s facilities and services. Trans women have even been forced out of women’s services organizations they helped create.
late 18th century “national midwife of France” made these soft models to educate women/midwives in training about childbirth
*people capable of getting pregnant.
A man who assisted in autopsies in a big urban hospital, starting in the mid-1950s, describes the many deaths from botched abortions that he saw. ‘The deaths stopped overnight in 1973.’ He never saw another in the 18 years before he retired. ‘That,’ he says, ‘ought to tell people something about keeping abortion legal.’
From Archive.org, one of the more disturbing historical artifacts of the late 20th Century: “An audio recording made on November 18, 1978, at the Peoples Temple compound in Jonestown, Guyana immediately preceding and during the mass suicide or murder of over 900 members of the cult.”
A good deal more on Jonestown, including transcripts of various tapes such as this one, can be found here: http://jonestown.sdsu.edu/.
I remember when this happened. I was 11—too young to wrap my head around the insanity of a mass suicide of 900 people.
Actually, I’m still too young.
Listening to this… chills the blood.
And you wonder what courage it must have taken for Christine Miller — whose rebellious voice you hear on the first half of the recording — to take the microphone and speak against Jim Jones.
I can’t believe there’s a tape of this. I kind of can’t believe I listened to it all. I read through some of the source material and noticed that Jackie Speier, the congresswoman who spoke about her experience with abortion this past year, was one of the wounded in the attack on the airstrip.
From her Wikipedia page:
Speier served as a congressional staffer for Congressman Leo Ryan. Speier was part of the November 1978 fact-finding mission to investigate allegations of human rights abuses by the Reverend Jim Jones and hisPeoples Temple followers, almost all of whom were American citizens who had moved to Jonestown with Jones in 1977 and 1978. Speier was one of only two members of the mission who were concerned enough about potential violence to make out a will before traveling to Jonestown. Several Peoples Temple members ambushed the investigative team and others boarding the plane to leave Jonestown on November 18. Five people died, including Congressman Ryan. While attempting to shield herself from rifle and shotgun fire behind small airplane wheels with the other members of the team, Speier was shot five times and waited 22 hours before help arrived. The murder of Congressman Ryan was the only assassination of a Congressman in the line of duty in the history of the United States. That same day, over 900 of the remaining members of the Peoples Temple died in Jonestown and Georgetown.
Jackie Speier was shot 5 times and waited almost 24 hours for help. And we thought she was a BAMF for talking about abortion. What an amazing life she’s had.
I wasn’t going to reblog this until I saw Foul Mouthed Liberty’s commentary on Jackie Speier. WOW. I wrote about her experience with abortion back when H.R. 358 was being debated on c-span. I had no idea this had happened to her as well. BAMF is right!
Some nineteenth century feminists opposed abortion because it threatened the social status of women. The mostly middle-class, white leadership of the women’s movement thought abortion represented the misfortune and inferior morality of working class women and prostitutes. Thus, feminists of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries were unable and unwilling to advocate for legalized abortion. Perhaps the complexity of the issues overwhelmed their good intentions and caused them to do unintentional harm.
You have to consider the historical context in which feminist opposed abortion. Ciswomen’s roles were almost completely different a century ago. Abortion procedures weren’t nearly as safe. Classism and racism absolutely influenced the feminists’ stance on abortion, as seen above, which fed into concerns about the shrinking population of “desirable” people (white, able-bodied, Christian, upper-class).
If anyone has more information on the history of anti-abortion feminism, I’d love to see it.
I’m working on a documentary super-post. Not just about docs, but actually embedded videos that you can watch. I have about 15 of my favorites, but I’m wondering if people have any suggestions I might want to look into? I’ll probably delete this post in about a week, but I’d love to hear from you! Any interesting topic is welcome, my taste is very eclectic. <3
“Motherhood By Choice, Not Chance”
Based on the trilogy, From the Back-Alleys to the Supreme Court & Beyond, this riveting film brings alive the history of the struggle for women’s reproductive rights in the U.S. and the chilling facts about the current threat to those rights. Intimate interviews reveal the passion of people who moved abortion from the danger of the back alleys to a safe, legal choice.
Opening up my blog for submissions!
1) Stories: Do you have experiences with abortion, adoption, or a relevant story about parenting? Do you have a story about Planned Parenthood or a health clinic that helped you? Did you have a negative experience with a crisis pregnancy center? Is there a relevant story available online that you want me to post or look at? Are you a fellow trans* person who has an experience to share in regards to abortion or feeling erased in the repro rights/feminism community [I’d love some of these, I haven’t really had much luck finding any!] Do you have a story about an illegal abortion? Or a story about reproductive coercion and birth control sabotage? Are you a doctor, nurse, or med student with a story about reproductive health? Are you an abortion provider, or training to be one? I think personal accounts help counter the fetus focus fallacy so many antis concentrate on, and give a voice to the abstract notion of reproductive rights.
2) Cartoons, prochoice memes, sarcastic stuff
3) New studies, reports, research, statistics, etc. Can be news articles talking about them or abstracts/pdfs of the study itself.
4) Political news or updates, new legislation being proposed, new abortion/reproductive health restrictions. Charts, graphs, maps, etc.
5) Also resources like abortion funds, helpful information, free coupons for Plan B or other products, petitions, charities, etc.
6) This is unequivocally a prochoice blog, so if you submit antichoice propaganda I will either delete it or debunk it if I have time. If you are prochoice and want me to debunk antichoice propaganda for you, make sure to leave a note with the submission.
7) My view of prochoice is holistic in the sense that it should encompass more than abortion. Abortion is the right under constant attack so I understand why that tends to be the focus, but all of the following topics are welcome here (not exhaustive):
- abortion, adoption (choosing adoption or being adopted), adoption reform, parenting, childbirth choices (home birth, VBACs, choosing c-section, forced c-section, midwives, etc), family planning, comprehensive sex education, reproductive rights globally, forced sterilization, the right for young child free people to be sterilized, historical documents relating to reproductive rights, the history of abortion/pregnancy/medicine, feminism, consent/rape/rape culture, trans* issues, GSM issues, race/class/gender issues, making the prochoice movement more inclusive, exposing CPCs, antichoice violence and propaganda, reproductive coercion and birth control sabotage, conscience clauses, reproductive rights being muddled with religion, and doulas (for pregnancy or abortion).